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Immigration and Emigration in Australia

Posted: October 4, 2012 by jademkelly in Deakin University

The current state that Ireland is in has led to a rise in the amount of it’s citizens emigrating. The Irish are in every corner of the world, but a destination that is very popular amongst this nation is Australia. It is seen as the land of ‘promise and opportunity’, according to Sean Earls, an Irish emigrant who has lived in Melbourne for three years – therefore many young Irish people fantasize about one day, coming to such a place.

Being an Irish emigrant myself, I can understand and relate to the rising figures that are coming to our shores – having been back to Ireland recently and seeing first hand the state that it is in, it’s not surprising.  People are going to university to get degrees that they may never get to put to use due to the alarming rate of unemployment.  The Irish Independent – an Irish newspaper – recently published an article remarking on the unemployment rates, which states that over 50 percent of young people (aged between 15-25) currently living in Ireland are unemployed.

Not only is there a rising rate of Irish immigrants to Australia, but many other countries such as England are seeing a rise in numbers too.

“I never knew how much I loved living in Australia until I went back home [to England]’ stated Toby McDowell, an English Immigrant, ‘When I went back, almost all of my friends were talking about moving here.’

England, since the establishment of Australia, has had the largest number of immigration in Australia. This still rings true as according to Museum Victoria, in 2006, three percent of Victoria’s population alone was born in England.

While immigration in Australia is rising, the rate of emigration is too. According to The Department of Immigration and Citizenship, it was indicated that a total of 88,461 citizens departed permanently from Australia between the years of 2010 and 2011. Of this 88,461 people, just over half were born overseas which showed a slight decrease from the previous year.

The most popular locations for Australian-born emigrants are; the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and New Zealand.

The surge of immigration and emigration within  Australia will result in a predicted population change, that with it will bring both positives and negatives. Such negatives will be a loss of essential skills and investment into areas such as education. A positive, on the other hand, is that Australian emigrants may pave the way for links between foreign trading.